1. Vision and capacity of public health

In terms of field of view, the primary must be able to:

(1) understand the multiple factors that affect health, especially political and social factors;
(2) understand that various policies will affect health in different ways;
(3) to incorporate considerations of social justice, ethics, and basic human rights when considering policies;
(4) Be able to imagine the effect, efficiency and fairness of policies.

In terms of ability, in addition to basic quantitative research methods, public health personnel need to have the ability to belong to the "practical" field, such as the ability to define problems, understand the environment, provide effective solutions, and compare the advantages and disadvantages of various solutions.

2. Differences between Master of Public Health (MPH) and Master of Science (Master of Science)

At present, the master's degree in the field of public health in China is mainly conferred by the Master of Science (Master of Science), but the Master of Public Health has always been the mainstream of talent cultivation in the world. For example, there are 49 well-known universities in the United States that have accredited schools of public health. (Graduate School of Public Health), one of the prerequisites for public health schools, must provide MPH or an equivalent professional degree. According to the United States' distinction between academic degrees and professional degrees, the Master of Science in the field of public health currently trained in China should be an academic degree, which does not meet the requirements of the United States. The basic requirements of the School of Public Health highlight the lack of practice in the current domestic public health personnel training process.